The National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) has said that at least 1,385,298 persons have so far been displaced as a result of the Boko Haram activities and communal clashes in Borno, Yobe, Adamawa Gombe and Taraba states.
According to June 2015 Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) released by International Organisation for Migration (IOM) in conjunction with NEMA, Borno State has the highest number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) with 1,002,688 persons. “This is followed by Yobe (125,484) and Adamawa (113,437).
Bauchi has (76,504), Gombe (16,984) and Taraba (20,501),” the report made available yesterday by NEMA’s Senior Information Officer, Sani Datti, said.
It indicated that there was slight decrease in the number of IDPs compared to the last report released in April 2015 due to movements of return observed on the ground, especially in Adamawa State where the IDP population has decreased.
“In contrast, in Borno State, the IDP population has increased since April 2015 and has reached over a million,” it said.
According to the report, 92% of IDPs live with host communities, while 8% live in camps or camp-like sites. The survey further showed that 52% of the IDP populations are female and 48% are male, while children of less than 18 constitute 56% of the IDP population and more than half of them are five years old or younger.
The report highlighted that 95% of the displacement was due to the insurgency while 5% was attributed to communal clashes. The Displacement Tracking Matrix programme is carried out to support the Nigerian authorities and the humanitarian partners in order to assess, in a unified and systematic manner and for an objective and comprehensive profile of the IDP population and advising the humanitarian response.
“The DTM activities are being implemented according to the methodology endorsed by stakeholders. The team composed of members of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA), the Nigerian Red Cross Society and International Organisation for Migration. Humanitarian partners on the field are also participating in the assessment on an ad hoc basis. The project is funded by the Office of Disaster Assistance of the United States Agency for International Development and the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department,” the statement added.